Güllük is a gorgeous coastal town connected to Milas District, at the southeast of Turkey and at the south of Aegean Region.
Güllük is a gorgeous coastal town located in Milas District, at the southeast of Turkey and at the south of Aegean Region.
When you drive 8 km more after turning right at the juncture at the 16th km of Milas-Bodrum road, Güllük welcomes you with its white houses and lush nature surrounded Güllük Gulf with sea sparkles formed by the sun or the moon.
Güllük which is very close to the historical and touristic centers of of southern Aegea, is an untouched town, candidate for the true resting place of nature lovers. From the center of town, Milas-Bodrum Airport takes 9 km, Bodrum 43 km, Mi,las 24 km and Izmir takes 224 km.
You can reach Güllük no matter which transportation way, sea, land or air, you choose. With its marina capable of housing many yachts and boats, you can reach from sea, with Milas-Bodrum Airport which is only 9 km away you can reach via air, and from land by both bus companies and you private vehicle you can reach to the town.
Also you can benefit from minibus transport services and taxis servicing between Güllük-Milas, Güllük-Bodrum.
With the boats on the shore you can join ‘Blue Tours’ and enjoy the sun and the sea in untouched peninsulas.
The typical geography of Aegean Region, peninsulas formed due to perpendicular positions of mountains to the sea decorates the Güllük Gulf. Ridges in Güllük are hills more than mountains. In the Gulf, Tavşan, Büyük Ada, Domuz, Yılan, Metelik and Salih Islands are located.
Vegetation is maquis. But there are pine copses where you can have picnic under their shades. For this reason town keeps its green nature during all seasons. Average altitude is 10 m. On the hills, as well as olive groves and pines there are many types of plants such as, wild strawberry myrtle, hackberry, blackberry, bay, mastic and so on, heather, clover, thistle creek, poa, sorghum, discrete, buckthorn, common lambsquarters, wild oats, wild mint, purslane, köremen (wild leek), stinging nettle, crow’s feet, fish, theligonum, hemlock, thistle, mint, lamb’s ear, ivy , wild asparagus, fennel, yellow grass, mallow, kenker, mustard, wild chicory and so on. herbs, daffodils, hyacinths, hibiscus, chamomile, verbena species (wild orchids), capers, wild tulips, poppy, aoenothera, herba centaurii etc.
In the gardens there are mostly roses, carnations, pelargoniums and bougainvilleas. The richness in the vegetation is also true for the fish types.
For this reason in the town where handline fishing is favored, fish types such as mullet, bream, lidaki, perch, bream, sargoz, bream, grouper, flounder, eel, kerpe, girl fish, garfish, salema and etc. are mostly caught. Saltness is not as high as Mediterranean and as low as Marmara or Black Sea. During the sea season the warmest sea in the region is at Güllük.
Its former name “KÜLLÜK” was changed to “GÜLLÜK” by then minister Ismet Inonu and Marshall Fevzi Cakmak in 1933.
Since then Güllük has caught attention as residential place. Used as import and export mercantile port by Greek merchants during Ottoman Empire, and become a place consisting of storage houses and a couple of houses. Today, many of these depots are used as stores, coffee houses and restaurants.
After the ex cambium between Turks living in Greece and Greeks living in Güllük, Turkish families from Crete, Kos and Morea has moved to the town. Thus, for the first time, Güllük has become a place of residence.. In the following years, most of the nomadic Yörük families had a permanent settlement and joined Güllük’s population.
Güllük is one of the first cities which had an Atatürk eikon during his health. This is the sign of Ataturkist and progressivist identity (29th October 1935). In the following years a migration wave has started from Bodrum and neighborhood, Milas and villages, in the recent years with cooperative housing societies, and with people who settled finally after a visit for holiday, population density has increased.
Economic activities carried out in Güllük has spread to various sectors. Fishery, limited citrus, mine export, olive cultivation, culture fishery and most importantly tourism.
The most important agricultural activity is olive cultivation due to climate and field conditions. Approximately, 1000 decars of olive groves affords a part of the public’s needs. Acquired olive is used as olive oil and table olive. Olive products are usually prepared for affording the olive cultivating families 2 years needs. A very few amount is used for commercial purposes.
Olive is precious tree type giving fruit every two years. Citrus products are limited in small areas. They sell their products in the town market. They fulfill the towns needs. It’s a very demanding tree type. Orange, mandarin, lemon is produced in the town. Especially in table olive making lemon and Seville orange are an indivisible duo.
Vegetable gardening is the activity of the dwellers living in Kocakışla District. Products cannot even fulfill the local market’s needs. Fishery is economical spine of Güllük. It’s the second biggest fishgarth of Muğla. Fishgarth is located on the north east side of Güllük, at the mouth of Sarıçay. In the fishgarth, caviare is produced in the supervision of the experienced fishgarth captains have rightful fame and demand all around the country.
In the recent years, open sea fishery, especially production fishery has become a very important source of income. In the production pools spread around the islands in the gulf, mullet, sea bream, sea bass are produced. When the fishes reach to selling dimensions, they are traded domestically and abroad. Mullet, sea bream, sea bass which are sold to of Güllük and especially conger eels which are exported, have important places in economy. By six sellers and fisher cooperatives, fishes are marketed domestically and abroad via Nordzee and Aegean companies.
Amateur fishermen are relaxing and enjoying their hours by fishing with their own boats, rented boats, by handline fishing from the shore, ore the skillful ones with fish spears. There are many female fishers for shore fishing. The current Güllük is a residential area showing great potential with its every kind of facilities regarding tourism. Developments in the recent years show that Güllük is going to be tourism center making its sound heard all around the world. As the neighbor tourism centers reached to its full capacity, the new local government has begun rapidly for infrastructural improvement works considering the potential increase in tourism.
The works for moving the mine exporting carried out with ships activities from the center of the to to out of the center of the town is an evidence for this. Also, loading carried out at the pier has great contribution to both regional and national economy. But the authorities must focus on ecological harm, health vs income balances, must foresee what will be affected negatively in the long term.