Ören is located in the Northern Coast of the Gökova Gulf, 40 km south of Milas. Kocadağ with a height of 640 m., is an ideal spot for watching the beauties of Ören bird’s eye view. Also, it is very suitable for para gliding. Para gliding is getting more popular among the sportsmen everyday.
A magnificent lowland lies formed with the silts which carried by streamlet in front of the town which lies its back on the mountains. Lowland is extremely fertile, from the bird’s eye view it looks like a colorfully textured silk carpet…Watching the interpenetrating green of the lowlands and blue of the sea from the top of Kocadağ is extremely impressive and joyful.
The ancient name of the town is Ceramus. Takes its name from the founder of the ceramics art ,n mythology, Ceramus.. Ceramus is the son of Dionysos and Ariadne.
The current Ören town is built on the ruins of Ancient town of Ceramus.. Remarkable ruins of the ancient city are located in the residential districts. Scientific researches and archaeological excavations on the history of Ceramus continue…The new evidences enlightens the interesting history of Ören.
Ceramus means ceramics in Greek. In time, this change changes to Gereme. (In the 17th century, Evliya Çelebi defines Gereme as “a prosperous, developed, village, full of vineyards and gardens.”) The name of the town was once called as Kemerdere. Kemerdere name comes from the ancient water archways in Kocacay Valley. The current name of the town, Ören, means ruins.
From the Greek archaic sculptures, we understand that, Ceramus did not stay out of the Hellenism age in the archaic ages, Helenism age may be started 7-6 BC . In the Hellenistic age, made direct or indirect relationships with overseas countries, for example Egypt and made its name heard in the Asia state in Romus era. Ceramus city, in 5 BC was paying 1.5 talant tax to the Attika-Delos sea union as its member. Then, the city was connected to Khrysaor union and gained an active position due to their plenty of fields and villages.
In 188 BC, as a result of the Apamela truce, Kermaos was given to Rhodes with the whole Karya. In a scripture, it’s found that after this date Keramos made Sympoliteia agrrement with another city (probably Stretonikeia). But town was dissatisfied with this agreement and asked for Rhodes’s help. The person who asked for this help was honored in the mentioned scripture.
Between 167-133 BC, Keramos made a pact with Rhodes, and added to the Roman Asian State with whole Kayra in 129 BC. When the city took sides with Mithridiates at war between Romans and the Pontus King Mithridiates, after the Romans’ victory, the city was punished by being left to Stratonikeia. Historical artifacts and ruins prove the Roman domination as they belong to to Karya and Roman era.
Coin making has started in 2 BC and lasted until the roman Empire era.
Ceramus was worshiping a young God which can be seen on the coins. Young god with a short skirt, hold a double axe and a shield. This local god was sometimes seen with the mighty god of the city Zeus Chrysaor.
The person named Polites who won all of the stadium, dialos and long distance runs on the same day was the most known Ceramusian beyond the borders of the city. According to Strabon, Ceramus is one of the small cities that are not not independent in 1 BC In the Byzantium era, it became an episcopalism center.